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[雜談] 簡述專業茶園泥土若何停止辦理與施肥

  CHAYUANDENITUBANLIQISHOUYAOBAOHANQIANGENGCHUCAO、SHENGENGGAITU、JIANZUO、PUCAO、JIAOGUANDENG。


  1、CHAYUANQIANGENGCHUCAO。CHAYUANQIANGENG,PUTONGSHIZHISHENDUBUKUAYUE15LIMIDEGENGYUN。QIANGENGDESHOUYAOGANHUASHI:FEICHUYINJIANGYUDAJIMOURENCHUJIANTA,SUOGOUCHENGDENITUWAIBIAODEBANJIECENG,GAILIANGNITUDETONGQIHETOUSHUIZHUANGTAI,XIAOMICHAYUANDEZACAO,CHAYUANQIANGENGCHUCAO,YINIANYINGTINGZHI4-5CI,JI:CHUNCHAQIANLIANXISHICUIYAFEI1CI,CHUNCHAHOULIANXISHIFUCHAFEI1CI,XIACHACHUCHANSHIDAI1-2CI,LIQIUQIANHOU1CI。XINJIANCHAYUANYINSHUGUANLONGGAIDUXIAO,QIQIANGENGCHUCAOCISHUHUANYAOQIADANGZENGTIAN。


  2、CHAYUANSHENGENGGAITU。XINJIANCHAYUAN,RUOSHIJIENA“TIAOZHUANGSHENGENG,HUITIANBIAOTU”DEFANGSHIKAIKENDE,YAOZHENGDUOZAIJIANYUANBEIMIANER、SANNIANSHIXIANCHAYUANXINGJIANDENITUBUGENG,JI:ZAIQIUMODONGCHULIANXICHAYUANSHIJIFEI,DUIMODIANMOSHENGENGDECHAYUANXINGJIAN83LIMIKUANNITU,SHENWA40-50LIMI。FANGSHISHI:XIANZAICHAXINGYIDUAN,WAKUAN83-85LIMI,SHEN40-50LIMI、CHANG1.5MIDESHENGENGDANG,BINGJIANGBIAOTUHEDITUFENFANGLIANGCHU,JIEZHUZAIANDIERGESHENGENGNEISHIBIANJIANGQIBIAOTUHEFEILIAOHUNHE,FANGDIYIGESHENGENGDANGJIEJINCHAGENLIANGCE,DISHANGWAQIPINGPUXIAMIAN,RUSILEITUI。CHAYUANDEXINGJIANNITUBUGENG,KEFENNIANSHIXIANHUOMEIYINIANGEXINGTINGZHI;DAMIANJICHAYUANZAISHENGENGSHI,WEILEBIANYUJIUJINQUTUHUITIANMEITIAOXINGJIANZUICHUYIGESHENGENGDANG,XIANGLINLIANGXINGYAOXIANGFANBIAODEMUDETINGZHI。XINJIANCHAYUAN,RUOSHIJIENA“QUANKEN”FANGSHIKAIKENDE,CHAYUANZAIFENGDENGQIANBUBITINGZHISHENGENG,QIJIANRUOSHIYAOSHIWUJIFEI,KAIGOUSHIFEISHIYEYAOZHUZHONGSHAOSHANGCHAGEN。DUITOUCHANCHAYUANDESHENGENGYAOWENZHONG;CHIJIUBUSHENGENG、BUSHIWUJIFEI,NITUDEXINGZHUANGHUIBIANHUAI,CHASHUCHENGCHANGBULIANG,CHANLIANGBUGAO,SHENGENGHENPINRENG,CHAGENSHANGSUNTAIDUO,YIHUIGOUCHENGCHAXIEZENGCHAN。QISHISHIXUYAOXIANGGEJIDUONIANCAISHENGENG1CI,GEDIDEZUOFABUYI,YOUXIANGGE1-2NIAN,YOUXIANGGE3-4NIAN,ZHESHOUYAOYUNITUDEZHANZHONGSHUIPINGHEWUJIFEILAILIJISHUMUYOUGUAN。



  3、茶園間作。在低山、丘陵和易受干旱影響地域的新建茶園, 普通不 應主意間作高桿作物, 只能間作矮桿的豆科作物做保肥。在海拔較高, 伏、秋旱呈現的頻次很低的新建茶園, 如遇人、畜的口糧、飼料不 足, 頭兩年行間可間作1行玉米, 第三年今后只能間作矮桿的豆科作物。茶園間作油茶、紅苕、芝麻等作物對茶樹的成長影響較大, 應倡導。投產茶園, 茶樹的復 蓋度很大, 不能再停止間作。


  4、CHAYUANPUCAO。CHAYUANXINGJIANPUCAO, KEYOUYONGDIJIANCHISHUITUHEANNALEZACAOCHENGCHANG, YANTIANKEXIAJIANGTUWENXUEJIANNITUSHUIFENZHENGFA,DONGJIKEZENGTIANTUWENJIAZHONGCHASHUDONGHAI。YINCIYINGDINGLICHANGDAO。CHAYUANPUCAOSHIHOU,YIZAIGANHANLAIQIANHEDONGHAILAIQIANTINGZHI, MEIMUGANCAOYONGLIANG1000QIANKEBAIBU。


  5、CHAYUANJIAOGUAN。CHAYUANZAI7-27、 9YUEDEGANHANJIHOU, NENGANZHAOCHASHUDEXUSHUIQINGKUANGFANSHIJIAOGUAN, SHIZENGTIANXIA、QIUCHACHANLIANGHEJINBUQIPINDEDEGUANTOUBANFA。YINCIYINGZHUDONGDIZAOQIANTI, GAOHAOCHAYUANJIAOGUAN。CHAYUANJIAOGUANFANGSHI, SHOUYAOYOUPENGUANHELIUGUANLIANGZHONG。CIZHONGPENGUANDETOUZIDA,DANJIEGUOHAO;LIUGUANDETOUZIXIAO,DANJIEGUOCHA。



  茶園施肥是在茶樹在成長發肓進程中,須要從泥土中接收各類營養元素,但泥土中的各類營養元素又是無限的,且相互之間還不均衡。因此,必須經由過程施肥來補充和調理泥土中的各類營養素,以知足茶樹的請求。


  1、CHAYUANJINGCHANGLIYONGFEILIAO。QISHOUYAOYOUWUJIFEIHEWUJIFEILIANGDALEI,CHUCILINGYOUHUISHENGWUFEI。WUJIFEILIAO,GURANYINGYANGHANLIANGWEIJI,DANYINGYANGDEZHONGLEIQUEHENWANZHENG,WUJIZHIDIHENFENGSHUO,SHICHUCHANWUJICHADEBIBEIFEILIAO。WUJIFEILIAO,GURANYINGYANGHANLIANGDUO,DUICHASHUCHENGCHANGHECHAXIECHANLIANGDOUJIYOUYI,DANDUINITUHESIZHOUQINGKUANGHUIDAILAIYIXIEBULIANGXIAOGUO,WEICI,FANCHUCHANWUJICHACHAYUAN,SHIBUNENGSHIYONGHUAXUEFENJIEDEWUJIFEILIAODE。


  2、CHAYUANSHIFEISHOUYI。CHENGCHANGWUJICHACHUCHANSHIJINSHICHAXIEYIGEZHUGONGBIAODEMUDE,DANBUNENGYIHONGERQI,ERBIXUZUNZHAOKEGUANXIANSHI,ZAIBUSHIKAIPIWUJICHASHICHANGDETONGSHI,BAYOUQIANTIDECHACHANG(CHAYUAN)XIANGAOQILAI;BIEDELINSHIHUANBUQIANTICHUCHANWUJICHACHACHANG(CHAYUAN),XIANCONGLVSESHIWUDECHAXIEZHUAQI,JIZAIFEILIAOSHANG,YIWUJIFEILIAOWEIZHUDEDIZISHANG,QIADANGDAPEIYIJUBUWUJIFEILIAO。CIZHONGHANYOUXIAOSUANGENDEWUJIFEILIAO,RENGSHIYAOXIANGDUIJINYONGDE。


  CONGZHEGEZHIDIANSIWEIDONGSHEN,DUINEIXIELINSHIHUANBUQIANTI,XIANGCHUCHANWUJICHACHAYUANZHUANHUADEYOULINGCHAYUAN,ZAISHIZUJIFEIDETONGSHIHUANKEZHONGSHIDANFEI,SHICHASHUMINJIEGOUCHENGBAOFUSHUGUAN。WUFENGXIAN1997NIANTOUDONGDINGZHIDE650MUWUXINGXILIEZHONGCHAYUAN,YOUYUZAIMIAOQIJIADALEDANFEIYONGLIANG,JI:1998NIANMEIMUSHINIAOSU20-25FENJIN,1999NIANYOUZAISHANGNIANDIZISHANGZAIJIASHANG30-50%,RUSIZHI1999NIANDICHASHUDESHUGUANGENJIGOUCHENG,SHUGAODA50-60LIMIYISHANG,SHUGUANDA80LIMIYISHANG。2000NIANCAIHUAXIANG00MULIEZHONGYUAN,JINCHUNJIYIJIZAIBENDIMINGCHACHUCHANDELADONGXIA,MUCHANZHIJIUDAODA1000YUANYISHANG,CIZHONGMOJIAHUANCUN64.05MULIEZHONGYUAN,MUCHANZHIDA1401YUAN,XINGYANPINGCUN70MULIEZHONGYUANMUCHANZHIDAODA1508YUAN。


  DUINEIXIELIDOUHUI、JIAOTONGYAODAOJIAOJIN,DIZIHUADECHAYUANHELINGSANFENLIDELIANGCHAJIANZUOCHAYUAN,RENGCHIXUTUIXING“YIJISANZHUI”DESHIFEIGUIZHI。JI:MEIGE2-3NIANZAIMODONGSHIYICIJIFEI,CHASHUMEIYINIANCHENGCHANGJIHOUSHISANCIZHUIFEI。JIFEIYIBINGFEIHETIANSHEFEIWEIZHU,MEIMUSHIBINGFEI100-200QIANKE、TIANSHEFEI100-200DAN、LINFEI30-50QIANKE;ZHUIFEIYINIAOSUWEIZHU,QIMEIMUMEIYINIANDEYONGLIANGSHICHANLIANGJIDUOERDING,PUTONGSHIMEICAI100QIANKEGANCHA,XUYONGNIAOSU30QIANKE,CIZHONG40%YONGYUCHUNCHACHOUYAQIANZUOCUIYAFEI,35%YONGYUCHUNCHAJUNSHIHOUZUOXIACHAFEI,25%YONGYULIQIUQIANHOUZUOQIUCHAFEI。SHIFEIFANGSHI:JIFEILIANXICHAYUANQIUMODONGCHUBANLI,KAISHEN30LIMI、KUAN25-30LIMIGOUSHI;ZHUIFEILIANXICHAYUANQIANGENGCHUCAOKAISHEN10-12LIMI,KUAN10LIMIGOUSHI。DUIBUSHICHUCHANWUJICHACHAYUAN,HUANKEYONG0.5-1%NIAOSUYEHUOBIEDEWEILIANGYUANSUYEZUOGENWAIZHUIFEI,DANZAICHAXIECAIZHAICENLINGQISHIBUNENGLIYONGDE。


  YISHANGNEIRONGZHUANZAIZIHULIANWANG,BINGBUDAIBIAOBENZHANFUHEQIGAINIANHEDUIQISHIZAIXINGDANREN。



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